Home Agriculture Groundnut Farming In Nigeria | Complete Guide For Starters

Groundnut Farming In Nigeria | Complete Guide For Starters

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Groundnut farming in Nigeria
(Last Updated On: February 15, 2019)

How To Start Groundnut Farming | What You Need To Know.

If you intend to start peanut farming or groundnut farming in Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Uganda and other African countries anytime soon, then you are in the right place.

This is the perfect guide for you.

However, getting information about the groundnut business is one thing, and having the ability to take into action all you will know or discover after reading this guide on peanut business is another thing.

True life experience…

Like me, If you intend to start up a business in a big way, you’ll definitely need workers or employees. Now getting the right employees depends on your  methods or ways of recruitment. Workers plays huge roles in the success or failure of a any business. Don’t make my mistake and make sure you adopt the right methods of recruitment when seeking for new employees. Say no to sentiment.

Also don’t forget to check out the some factors to consider before hiring new employees to avoid being sued. I have failed on this before and It cost me dearly.

Moving forward…

Without wasting much of your time, let’s get into to main details right away – The reason why you are here.

I will quickly like you know that groundnuts and peanuts are or means the same thing. You’ll be coming across both words so don’t be confused.

What to expect from this article.

• Health benefits of groundnuts.
• Step by step guide on how to start peanut farming.
• Cost of starting peanut farming.
• Equipments needed for groundnut farming.
• Some recommended abilities needed for the business.
• How to market your peanuts.
And…
• Summary on how to start groundnut farming business.

I believe it’s worth mentioning that this article will be based on two categories, ways, methods, forms or parts (whichever is word).

I have decided to go with word part…

Therefore…

Part 1

Actually this article you are reading is the part 1 to make money from peanut farming business.

The part 1 of this guide will be based how to start peanut farming on your own.

That is, I will be providing information on how you can manufacture (plant and harvest) groundnuts or peanuts yourself instead of buying from someone.

Truth be told, this part is stressful but also very profitable. It’s one you can decide to ignore though. But a Nigerian adage goes thus NO FOOD FOR LAZY MAN.

Part two

The part two is what I call the make money fast step. And you will surely love it.

Here, I will be providing step by step information on how you can start groundnut business without having to go through the stressful process of farming (planting & harvesting) the groundnut on your own.

The part two is very easy and also profitable. And I will advise you take your time to read it.
Its all about groundnut business. How you can start and make a decent living out of it.

Moving forward…

NOTE: All information (Sentences) contained in this article are very important. But the thick or bold phrases and sentences are very important. They are key components of this article so make sure you don’t miss or ignore them for anything.

If you know you will ignore them, it’s better you stop reading and don’t waste your time.
Time is precious, always remember that.

Before we go into the business of the day proper, I would like you to know the health benefits of groundnuts. Just so you’re aware of the good you’ll be doing venturing into this business.

Health Benefits Of Groundnuts.

• Groundnuts helps in boosting male fertility.
• Peanut helps in fighting depression.
• Helps individuals last longer in bed.
• Lowers the risk of heart disease.
• It is a high source of protein.
• Groundnuts are very rich in vitamins.
• Peanuts aids blood sugar regulation.
• Helps in boosting memory power.

And many more…

Moving forward…

To the business of the day…

Groundnut Farming In Nigeria | Step By Step Guide.

Just as a reminder, this phase will be basically all about groundnut or peanut farming and processing. In essence, it is about the importance details you need to manufacture (plant and harvest) groundnut on your own.

I will try to make it as rich and brief as possible, because of the part 2 (groundnut business) aspect you shouldn’t miss out on.

Groundnut Farming Step 1: Get a Land.

The very first step to peanut farming is to get a Land, either by buying or by renting one – Depending on your financial capability.

A hectre of land can generate as much as 5 metric tones of groundnuts. So once again depending on your financial ability, and also your propose business size (how big you want to start), it’s advisable to first of all get a suitable land.

Yes! Suitable. Because according to research, groundnut do best when planted or sowed in the arid or semi – arid regions. In Nigeria this grounds can be found in Kano, Burno, Bauchi etc.

Make sure to prepare by cultivating your land before rains start ( raining season) falling regularly to enable prompt growth of seeds when you plant and when it does grow, harvest at the right time.

The land could or should be cultivated and tilled using hand hoe or tractor into good sized seed beds Or ridges. Ridges looks like road bumps and are recommended for groundnut farming.

The ridges should have sufficient seed planting depth and space which is good for germination, weed control and good moisture.
Prepare your land well by making sure all weeds and crop residuals are eradicated before you start planting.

You can consider using herbicides (a substance used to kill plants) for best result.

Groundnut Farming Step 2: Buying seeds and planting.

With the land tilled and all ready, the next step is to plant your groundnuts seeds on it. To plant your peanuts seeds, there’s need for you to buy seeds. Therefore you’ll need to storm the market to purchase some.

As at the time I am writing this post, groundnut seeds are being sold in cups and mudus / Congo (a particular rubber used for measurement in Nigeria) in the market. And the current price for a mudu of groundnuts seed is ₦500 only.

The quantity of the seeds you’ll buy depends on your size of land. The bigger the land, the more seeds you’ll have to buy and vice versa.
Just make sure you get enough seeds to cover the land and get started on a good note.

PLANTING

The planting of seeds should be done during the rainy season. Probably around late March or the third week of June.

Make sure bold and well filled pods (seeds) are selected for shelling (the removal of shell from a nut) about a week before sowing (planting).

It’s recommended the soil must have had a couple of rain falls before sowing and the seed should be sowed at 5 – 6cm depth.
However, you can consider planting less than 6cm depth which should be at around 3 – 4cm when enough moisture is available and the climate is moist.

Be sure to compact the soil around the seed to ensure there is firm contact with soil moisture for rapid and uniform germination.
Lastly, the seeds should be sowed in rows with one seed per hole. You should also consider the spacing. Which should be 75 between rows and 25cm within rows.

Groundnut Farming Step 3: Weeding and Pest & Disease control.

Weeds are unwanted plants growing alongside the groundnuts which causes hindrances to its effective growth. Weeding is the process of removing those unwanted plants. And its also a method or way of maintaining the groundnut farm.

Therefore, it is something (weeding) that should be done when the weeds (unwanted plants) are noticed.

Its very important unwanted plants are removed after the first two – six weeks of sowing (planting). And the next weeding should be done before the seeds starts removing or growing flowers which could still fall between the first six weeks of planting.

That explains how important it is for you to make sure the groundnut farm is weed free in the first six weeks.

Weeds should be removed manually using hand hoes or spot spraying using chemicals to prevent spreading weeds.

  • Pest & Disease Control

The common diseases in groundnut farming are rosette virus, leaf spot, ground leaf rust and pests such as rodents, mites, aphids and leaf minors.

The rosette virus is one of the most dangerous disease is groundnut farming. The virus attacks and destroys the stem and leaves of the groundnut plants. It is so bad that it can make you loose about 80 percent of your yield if not all, when your groundnut farm is hit by this virus.

But don’t worry there’s a solution. I’ve got you.

It can be controlled by spraying the groundnut farm using insecticides such as dimethoate for two weeks. The required measurement is 5ml of dimethoate insecticide for or per two liters of water.

Other viruses such as rodent, mites etc could be avoided through crop rotation.

Groundnut farming step 4: Crop Rotation.

Crop rotation is a farming practice in which the same land is used to grow different crops in successive seasons or years (when once the land would have been left fallow); used to prevent erosion and increase fertility.

The groundnut farm can be crop rotated with various crops like pearl millet and maize preferably. It can also be rotated with crops like guinea corn, Sorghum and cereals. It’s not advisable for you to sow or plant groundnuts after groundnut, tobacco and cotton.

You might be risking a few diseases and pests destroying the groundnut plants if done.
Therefore, you should engage in crop rotation with recommended plants for about 3 years or more to enhance nutrients utilization an reduce disease burdens.

Additionally, crop rotation reduces soil Bourne diseases and nematodes; That’s why its always advisable.

Groundnut Farming Step 5: Fertilizers

Natural substance used to make the ground more suitable for growing plants.

Fertilizers are not really needed when groundnut seeds are sowed on the right soil type. Which include deep, well drained Sandy, sandy loam or loamy sandy soil.

A soil test should be done to know if there’s or there may need to add fertilizers to the soil before and after planting.

If there maybe need for you to use manure, you can apply chicken manures (chicken wastes) at least four weeks before planting.

Some fertilizers do best when applied weeks before or after sowing. But avoid applying potassium fertilizers when the groundnuts have emerged.

Groundnut Farming Step 6: Harvesting (The gathering of mature crops)

Your groundnuts should be harvested or rather be ready for harvest after 3 months of planting. But to be sure / certain the groundnuts are ready / mature for harvest, you can consider adopting the methods below.

Firstly – Make sure at least 75% of the pods have reached maturity stage.

Secondly – storm the groundnut farm and uproot at least three to Six plants at different spot/area or from different ridges on the field.

Lastly – you’ll know if it’s ready for harvest when pods are fully matured with brown to black looks while immature ones retain a fresh white appearance.

Groundnut Farming Step 7: Dry

After harvesting your groundnuts, the next step is to sun dry them.

The proper way to do this is by removing the soils from the pods after uprooting. You are then required to spread on polythene papers and leave under the sun to dry for about 10 days.

Start Groundnut Farming ToDay | Necessary Requirements

 

Peanuts farming
Peanuts Farming
  • COST OF STARTING A GROUNDNUT FARM.

The amount actually needed to start this business varies. Because it depends on your size of business. In essence, the cost of starting a groundnut farm depends if you want to start the business in a big way, small or medium way.

If you’re starting big, it’s means you’ll be needing a very big or large portion of land for the groundnut farming. And the price won’t be same with if you intend to start small. Because you’ll be needing a smaller size of land.

But with the land issue aside, around ₦80,000 will be OK for a medium start because you may need to hire laborers to work on the farm if you cant do the needful yourself. And ₦45,000 should do for a small groundnut farming start.

SOME EQUIPMENTS NEEDED TO START GROUNDNUT FARMING.

• Groundnut seeds – needed for planting
• Fertilizers
• Cutlass – for clearing the land.
• Tractors – used by commercial farmers for clearing larger land size.
• Hoes (small and big hoes) – used for weeding grasses and also hipping of ridges or seed beds.
• Manures – Needed to boost the growth of the groundnuts.

SOME ABILITIES NEEDED TO START GROUNDNUT FARMING.

• Familiarity with soil types.

To avoid planting on the wrong soil which will lead to a total waste of time and resources, you need to have a good knowledge on various soil types so as to be able to choose the right land for the groundnut farming.

You can also get an expect to help you out in that area.

• Familiarity with manure and fertilizers.

A decent knowledge on the above will enable you choose the right type fertilizers and manures for the groundnut farming. And also reduces your chances of being sold fertilizers or manures of low quality or fake.

• Ability to use hoes and cutlasses.

Hoes are for weeding and cutlasses are for clearing. Their major purpose is to remove grasses or weeds which is very important in groundnut farming.

And your ability to use the above instruments will be useful at some point in groundnut farming.

There’s an alternative if you cant use it though, you can always get someone to help you do the needful when issues that may warrant the usage of the above mentioned instruments arise.

Market your groundnuts.

The demand for groundnuts is very high, locally and internally.

But for a local market you can contact individuals into the ground business and sell to them. For start you may need to contact re-seller or market women and supply them.

PART 2

The part 2 of this article as mentioned earlier is about the groundnut business. How to start groundnut business with little capital and make good money. Very easy steps.
But because of how long the groundnut farming information turned out to be, I will like to redirect you to a fresh page or post on the ground business.

Therefore you are just a click away to reading one of the best business start-up guide of your life.
Content on how to start ground business contains valid information that will make earn at least ₦170,000 as income in a month. Remember, at least.

So if your are Interested in making ₦170,000 at least monthly via the groundnut or peanut business click here.

SUMMARY ON HOW TO START GROUNDNUT FARMING IN NIGERIA.

• Get a Land depending on your business size – big or small.
• Cultivate the land.
• Apply herbicides to kill all plants and germs
• Add manure (chicken manures) if needed at least a month before planting.
• Purchase and plant your groundnuts seeds 5 – 6cm
• Apply insecticides when needed to kill pest
• Harvest the groundnuts when due
• Dry the groundnuts
• Market them.

CONCLUSION.

The spacing, depth of seed holes, type of fertilizers and type of seeds for planting are key success factors in groundnut farming or peanut farming. They are very important.

Groundnut business is a very lucrative business because individuals are always in need of groundnuts. It’s has a lot of benefits that makes it of high demand.

Therefore you don’t have to worry about the demand for your product because it’s ever existing.

Now it’s time for action…

Own a business today. Take advantage following the step by step guide in this article and start a groundnut farming business on your own. You can always consult experts (existing groundnut farmers) if need be. Your odds of a high return of investment is very high following their advice too.

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